López-Arévalo R, de Llano-...
Traumatology and Orthopaedic Surgery
At the Oncologic Orthopedic Surgery and Spinal Column Reconstructive Surgery they attend patients with bone or soft tissue tumors of the limbs or the spinal column, whether it is a benign or malignant tumor, primary or secondary (metastasis).
Given the low frequency of this type of tumor, the complexity of radiologic and histopathologic images and the serious consequences caused by biopsies and inadequate treatment, it is recommended that clinical handling of the case be done by a group of specialists with specific training (super-specialization) in this kind of pathology.
The rate of mortality for this kind of tumor has improved radically in the last two decades and it can be said that of all the types of cancer, the treatment and prognosis of malign tumors of the musculoskeletal system have seen the greatest advances. The rates of survival have risen to around 60%-80% at 5 years, with highly malign tumors and with no detectable metastasis at initial diagnosis.